While we don’t know why gender is a factor in harm from radiation exposure, we do know that it is. And knowing that there is greater risk calls for action. We must protect our grandchildren, particularly our granddaughters – now.

The following resources provide greater context for why urgent action is needed now. They also show us the breadth of wisdom available to us now, while we build the future we seek.


Articles + Publications.


Interdisciplinary Science Review, special issue on Gender (June 2, 2019) includes “Disproportionate impact of ionizing radiation and radiation regulation ,” by Mary Olson, Director Gender and Radiation Impact Project

Findings from the International Nuclear Workers Study (INWORKS): Ionizing Radiation and Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Multiple Myeloma - Centers for Disease Control

Risk of Cancer from Occupational Exposure to ionizing radiation: a retrospective cohort study of workers in France, the United Kingdom and the United States (INWORKS), Richardson, et al, BMJ 2015

Invisible Victims by Heidi Hunter in MS Magazine

Science for the Vulnerable Setting Radiation and Multiple Exposure Environmental Health Standards to Protect Those Most at Risk by Arjun Makhijani, Ph.D., Brice Smith, Ph.D. and Michael C. Thorne, Ph.D. 

The Use of Reference Man in Radiation Protection Standards and Guidance with Recommendations for Change  by Arjun Makhijani, Ph.D.

Heidi Hutner Blogpost: Atomic Radiation is More Harmful to Women March, 2012 by Mali Lightfoot, Helen Caldicott Foundation

Fukushima: The Story of a Nuclear Disaster by David Lochbaum, Edwin Lyman, Susan Q. Stranahan, and the Union of Concerned Scientists

Chernobyl Hits Birds Hard, Science Magazine, 2007 report on case-controlled studies by Tim Mousseau Ph.D. and Robert Moeller Ph.D of plants and animals in zones contaminated by Chernobyl fallout.

Guest columnist: Radiation Exposure - Prevention is the Cure by Mary Olson

Atomic Radiation is More Harmful to Women by Mary Olson

Human Consequences of Radiation: A Gender Factor in Atomic Harm by Mary Olson

Gender and Nuclear Weapons remarks at the UN by Swedish Ambassador Henrik Salander   


Want to keep learning about how gender and the human life-cycle is impacted by radiation? Visit the Gender and Radiation Impact Project at ResearchGate.